Citations & Research

Neurology & Dreams

 Our brains keep working on problems while we sleep, shows research on dreaming rats by Matthew A. Wilson, PhD (neuroscience, MIT). Recording directly into the rat’s hippocampus and visual cortex, he found that their dreaming brains process information and start making new connections.

 Dreaming and waking brains work pretty similar. If for example you see a face in a dream, it fires up the facial recognition parts of your brain.
A team of Swiss, Italian and US researchers could predict if a test subject was dreaming of people, just by looking at their EEG scan.
For a summary of this clever research study see this article in Cordis EU Research Results.

Research Papers

 Consciousness and abilities of dream characters observed during lucid dreaming Lucid dreamers were directed to set different tasks to dream characters they met while lucid dreaming. Dream characters were asked to draw or write, to name unknown words, to find rhyme words, to make verses, and to solve arithmetic problems. Part of the dream characters actually agreed to perform the tasks and were successful, although the arithmetic accomplishments were poor. This tests the assumption that dream characters have their own consciousness. Dream characters should be handled as if they were rational beings..

Dreaming and waking brains work pretty similar. If for example you see a face in a dream, it fires up the facial recognition parts of your brain.
A team of Swiss, Italian and US researchers could predict if a test subject was dreaming of people, just by looking at their EEG scan.
For a summary of this clever research study see this article in Cordis EU Research Results.

 Dreaming, mind wandering, spotanious inspration: these are all moments of activity in what’s called our brain’s default mode network. We connect old information with new, and are open to unexpected ideas. Research study in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.

 Our eye movements reveal our emotions during sleep, shows research from the French Sorbonne University.
Read the full research study on Nature.com.

 The Committee of Sleep: A Study of Dream Incubation for Problem Solving (Dreaming, 1993). In this study, college students were asked to sleep a week on a personal problem. Even after the first try, half of them managed to dream about the issue, and a third found a solution.

 Sleep inspires insight and our mind solves problems while we sleep, even if it’s a math problem, researched Ullrich Wagner, PhD (University of Münster, Germany).

 Good morning creativity: task reactivation during sleep enhances beneficial effect of sleep on creative performance. Scent can help you wake up with creative ideas, found professor Simone M. Ritter (Radboud University, The Netherlands).

More Scholarly Articles

Aspy, Denholm J. “Findings from the International Lucid Dream Induction Study.” Frontiers, School of Psychology, The University of Adelaide, 1 July 2020, https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01746/full.

Brylowski, A. (1990). Nightmares in crisis: Clinical applications of lucid dreaming techniques. Psychiatric Journal of the University of Ottawa, 15(2), 79–84.

Chasseguet-Smirgel, J. (1995) ‘“Creative Writers and Day-dreaming”: A Commentary’, in Person, E.S. Fonagy, P. &Figueira, S.A. (eds) On Freud’s “Creative Writers and Day-dreaming”, New Haven and London, Yale University Press. 107-121.

Dumpert, Jennifer. Liminal Dreaming. North Atlantic Books, 2019.

Erlacher, D., & Schredl, M. (2010). “Practicing a motor task in a lucid dream enhances subsequent performance: A pilot study.” The Sport Psychologist, 24(2), 157–167 doi:10.1123/tsp.24.2.157

Erlacher, Daniel, et al. “Time for Actions in Lucid Dreams: Effects of Task Modality, Length, and Complexity.” Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 4, 2014, https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.01013.

Gott, Jarrod, et al. “Virtual Reality Training of Lucid Dreaming – Researchgate.net.” ResearchGate, Royalsocietypublishing, 13 July 2020, https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jarrod-Gott/publication/346988372_Virtual_reality_training_of_lucid_dreaming/links/5fd75cb045851553a0b5a22d/Virtual-reality-training-of-lucid-dreaming.pdf.

Johnson, Clare R. Llewellyn’s Complete Book of Lucid Dreaming: a Comprehensive Guide to Promote Creativity, Overcome Sleep Disturbances & Enhance Health and Wellness. Woodbury: Llewellyn Worldwide Ltd., 2017. 

Jung, C. G. The Undiscovered Self. Routledge, 2014.

Jung, C. G., et al. “Approaching the Unconscious.” Man and His Symbols, Stellar Classics, Bowdon, Cheshire, England, 2013.

Konkoly, K., & Burke, C. T. (2019). Can learning to lucid dream promote personal growth? Dreaming, 29(2), 113–126. https://doi.org/10.1037/drm0000101

LaBerge, S & H. Rheingold, (1990). Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming. New York: Ballantine. ISBN 0-345-37410-X 

Linklater, Richard, ed. “Waking Life.” IMDb. IMDb.com, March 7, 2002. https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0243017/. 

Nir, Y. and Tononi, G., 2010. Dreaming and the brain: from phenomenology to neurophysiology. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 14(2), pp.88-100.

Sackwild, L., and T. Stumbrys. “The Healing and Transformative Potential of Lucid Dreaming for Treating Clinical Depression”. 2021. International Journal of Dream Research, vol. 14, no. 2, Nov. 2021, pp. 296-08, doi:10.11588/ijodr.2021.2.81533.

Schädlich, M., “Motor learning in lucid dreams – quantitative and qualitative investigations.” Unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Heidelberg, Germany, 2017.

Shrader, Astin. “Träuma: A Visual Study in Dream Therapy.” Savannah College of Art & Design, 2019.

Soffer-Dudek, N. (2020). Are Lucid Dreams Good for Us? Are We Asking the Right Question? A Call for Caution in Lucid Dream Research. Frontiers in Neuroscience.

Staunton, H., 2001. The Function of Dreaming. Reviews in the Neurosciences, 12(4).

Stumbrys, T., Erlacher, D. and Schredl, M., 2015. Effectiveness of motor practice in lucid dreams: a comparison with physical and mental practice. Journal of Sports Sciences, 34(1), pp.27-34.

Stumbrys, Tadas, Daniel Erlacher, Melanie Schädlich, and Michael Schredl. “Induction of Lucid Dreams: A Systematic Review of Evidence.” Consciousness and Cognition